When I attended a conference in 2015, almost a year before the Brexit referendum and when the idea of a UK exit from the EU was a speculative experiment and not a practical reality, a number of key environmental law issues have been identified: Footnote 1 Directive 2001/42/EC of the European Parliament and Council of 27 June 2001 concerning the assessment of the impact of certain plans and programmes on the environment  JO L 322 of 27.12.20001, p. 1. In addition to the constitutional arguments on the distribution of power, there are sharp political differences. The current Scottish Government favours “dynamic alignment” with the EU, while maintaining existing standards and respecting developments in the EU (so that an independent Scotland can join the EU). Footnote 18 This is in stark contrast to the British government`s desire to “take back control” and to have carte blanche to raise or lower standards as it sees fit (or in light of trade agreements with other partners). Another complication is the specific provisions applicable to the island of Ireland. This means that Northern Ireland is legally bound to a dynamic alignment with the EU because of its unique position under the withdrawal agreement which maintains its links with the EU customs union and the internal market. As a result, there are significant tensions about the future direction of environmental regulation. A wide range of complex environmental, health and safety, environmental, sustainability and climate change rules; Two factors complicate the position. Firstly, in some areas, including the environment, there may be a desire to abandon EU standards. This is not only because it corresponds to the political views of some members of the government who see environmental measures as an obstacle to economic recovery and development, notes 13, but also because it may be a precondition for the establishment of trade agreements with other partners who do not share EU standards.
In particular, an agreement with the United States may require an adaptation of legislation on issues such as food production, which meet their standards and not different EU standards. Aonghus Heatley has worked on a large number of significant business, trade, environmental and regulatory transactions, or on issues such as: the importance of UK environmental provisions goes far beyond the backstop itself. This is because the political agreement approved by EU heads of state and government at the end of November (at paragraph 79) makes it clear that any future agreement between the EU-27 and the UK will include provisions covering `fair competition conditions`, in particular environmental standards. These provisions would be based on the rules of the withdrawal agreement, which in this respect are effectively a starting point for future relations.