The British House of Commons approved the agreement by an overwhelming majority and voted in favour by 473 votes to 47. Labour politician Jeremy Corbyn, a supporter of a united Ireland, voted against the deal and said: “We believe the deal strengthens the border rather than weakens it.” The disturbances first came because a younger generation of catholics with a university education decided to imitate the nonviolent black American movement led by Martin Luther King Jr. and to challenge injustices in Northern Irish society through passive resistance. This civil rights movement provoked a brutal repression by the police and triggered the frozen hostility of the Protestant majority. The smarter leaders of the then unified Unionist Party, including Captain Terence O`Neill, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland at the beginning of the tumult, and Major Robin Chichester-Clark, his cousin and successor, understood that major reforms were needed to reassure the Catholic minority and reconcile it with the political order. Between 1969 and 1971, they imposed laws that met the most important requirements of the civil rights movement. British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Prime Minister Garret FitzGerald were signed on 17 November 1985 at Hillsborough Castle.  To incentivize the two northern enemy communities, the negotiators of the agreement decided to call for the creation of an economic development fund funded by special grants from the United Kingdom, the European Community, Canada, Australia and, they hope, the United States. Despite the restrictions imposed by the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Finance Act, President Reagan proposed and House of Representatives spokesman O`Neill is actively supporting a one-time grant of $250 million, with an effective envelope spread over five years. This money would go to a trust fund to be set up by the British and Irish governments. The second D`il ratified the treaty on 7 January 1922 by 64 votes to 57.
De Valera resigned as chairman on January 9 and was replaced by Arthur Griffith. On 10 January, de Valera published its second Redraft, commonly known as Document 2 The other articles express support for the creation of an Anglo-Irish parliamentary committee that would withdraw from the lower and lower house of the Irish Parliament (D`il) and provide for a revision of the agreement after three years. Never before had Britain officially recognized that Ireland had a legal role to play in the direction of the North. Although it is far from accepting the principle of a united Ireland, the agreement runs counter to the beliefs appreciated by the Unionist majority in Northern Ireland: the conviction that the North is exclusively a British territory, that its affairs are a purely British concern and that the Republic of Ireland, although it is a neighbour, must be regarded in all respects as a foreign country. Mary Robinson, a member of the prominent Irish Labour Party who later became president of Ireland, resigned from the Irish Labour Party because she believed the agreement “could not achieve its goal of ensuring peace and stability in Northern Ireland… Because… This would be unacceptable to all parts of the Unionist opinion.  The turning point came in June 1985, when Prime Ministers FitzGerald and Thatcher met informally in Milan at a European Community conference. In a lengthy conversation, Mrs Thatcher abandoned her skeptical and detached approach to negotiation and seemed for the first time to appreciate FitzGerald`s sense of urgency and importance to do something constructive in the North, before Sinn Fein made irreversible profits and turned back the SDLP as the political voice for a majority of northern Catholics.