The Eu-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) has been provisionally implemented by the European Union and Canada since September 21, 2017. In France, the implementation of CETA between the EU and Canada has been the subject of several consultations and debates with civil society and members of Parliament. The French CETA ratification process will begin on 3 July 2019. This is a revision of some important points of the agreement. The European Commission will present a draft free trade agreement with Japan today (18 April) for accelerated approval, in the hope of avoiding a repeat of the public protests that two years ago nearly thwarted a trade pact with Canada. Although Canada and the EU added a climate clause to their trade agreement in September, ratification of the full text of the agreement by all EU member states will be a major challenge. CETA expressly prevents parties, including Canada and France, from reducing their environmental standards to stimulate trade and investment. CETA also commits Canada and the European Union to respect multilateral environmental agreements, including the Paris climate agreement. The EU is currently negotiating a trade agreement with the four founding members of Mercosur.
The negotiations cover a wide range of topics – but 1) do they think that climate change and 2) compromises can be found on environmental issues? In our interview, Christian H-bner, Director of the Regional Programme for Energy Security and Climate Change in Latin America, highlights how the EU and Mercosur can benefit from enhanced cooperation on energy and climate policy. 3. proposals for a European trade policy to improve the way sustainable development issues are dealt with in EU trade agreements. The Eu-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) is a pioneering agreement that maintains and promotes the values shared by the EU and Canada. At the same time, Canada and the EU are committed to effectively implementing the Paris Agreement, the global promise to combat climate change, which is an important common responsibility for the EU, its member states and Canada. The leaders of Canada, Mexico and the United States are renegotiating the 23-year-old North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). During the election campaign, candidate Trump repeatedly called NAFTA “the worst trade deal of all time” and, in one of his first acts as president, signed an executive order to renegotiate the agreement. The first round has just ended, so we are getting an important indication of the direction of climate diplomacy and policy in Canada, Mexico and the United States.