The United States first used the hotline when President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963. The hotline was used in June 1967 during the six-day war between Israel, Egypt, Jordan and Syria to clarify the intentions of the movements of the American fleet in the Mediterranean, which could have been interpreted as hostile. In doing so, the Soviet Union and the United States wanted to assure each other that they did not want to be involved militarily in the crisis and that they did not seek a ceasefire. Throughout the six-day war, both sides used the hotline nearly two dozen times for a multitude of objectives. President Richard Nixon also used it during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 and again during the 1973 Arab-Israeli War. During the Reagan administration, the hotline was used several times. However, the official list of cases in which states used the hotline has never been published. Modern version of the U.S. nuclear hotline In the 1970s, the hotline was upgraded with better technologies. On September 30, 1971, the two parties signed the hotline modernization agreement, which updated the hotline with two satellite communications channels. Under this agreement, the United States should provide a circuit on the Intelsat system and the Soviet Union should provide a circuit via its Molniya II system. The 1963 radio current was completed and the wire telegraph was maintained as back-up.
The two satellite communications channels were commissioned in January 1978. 1963 Memorandum of Understanding On June 20, 1963, the United States and the Soviet Union signed the Memorandum of Understanding Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics regarding the Establishment of A Direct Communications Link, also known as the Hotline Agreement. This agreement should help speed up communication between the two governments and prevent the possibility of an accidental nuclear war. It is no coincidence that the agreement was reached only a few months after the Cuban missile crisis in October 1962, when the United States and the Soviet Union found themselves on the brink of nuclear conflict. The new agreement should avoid such a crisis in the future. To sign this agreement, you, as sovereign, must verify a copy of the data processing agreement and sign it digitally. Once the contract is signed, you will immediately receive a fully executed downloadable copy by email. As part of the provision of our service, Hotjar may process personal data on your behalf.
In order to outline the details of how we process this processing and our obligations, as well as the obligations of our users/clients, we have developed a data processing agreement (DPA) that we conclude free of charge with anyone who uses and claims our service. This document is part of a service contract with Hotjar (as a data processor) and our users/customers (as controllers).